Modern hybrid development by Canna Lily

Modern varieties of canisters (varieties) began to appear 250 years ago with a collection of native wild canisters, technically called "species" by botanists. The canna wild species produced large leaves that grew rapidly and had a tropical appearance in the landscaped garden. The flowers of wild canes were small and considered to be of little importance in gardening as a garden object, except for the lush leaves, which were highly prized in the exotic landscape. The flowers were colorful, but small and short lasting. Wild canna species were easily crossed to combine the genetic diversity of a variety of variants until Monsieur Crozy crossed an undisclosed wild species in 1870, resulting in a celebrated hybrid named after his wife, Crozy Madame. . Luther Burbank called this genetic material the beginning of modern canteen hybrids, after which Burbank and another plant hybridizer, Wilheim Pfitzer, also entered their own glamorous canteen hybrid.

Luther Burbank, a remarkable American botanical and fertile hybridizer, was well aware of the phenomenon of various crossbreeding of related lilies, and is determined to rapidly advance hybrid strength by combining desirable and variable plant genetic traits. Out of this great variety of cinnamon lilies, such as color, size, strength, insect and disease resistance and cold resistance, the plant breeder could select outstanding cantaloupe and leaf hybrids for marketing as newly named varieties. Luther Burbank noted that the crossing of two wild species from different continents resulted in sterile cannabis hybrids, Luther Burbank also considered it advantageous. When canna hybrids produce fertile (seed-producing) varieties, the energy of the plants focuses on seed production and the flowering process slows down or stops completely. Gardeners want plants that are constantly flowering, so a sterile canister hybrid is more desirable than a seed producer. It seems that crossing differently different types of cans usually results in sterile cans offspring.

If the canna plant is not a seed producer, it is claimed that it is sterile but can only be considered sterile if it is tested as a female seed producer, but often the so-called sterile male pollen (male) is a cross between cane species and fertile females may result in further hybridization with increased hybrid strength. These offspring of can can can be seed producers or non-seed producers. This fact was well understood and applied by Luther Burbank, who introduced tremendous advances in American horticulture, flowers, fruits, cereals, and vegetables.

Luther Burbank a Flowers, VIII. In his book Volume 41, he noted one of the eight volumes of horticultural writings: "Now white cans of very good quality appear, bringing forth all the desirable qualities of every plant and quality."

On page 33, it was reported that the Burbank hybrid cans "Tarrytown" won the big gold medal at the Buffalo Pan American Exhibition as the best cans displayed at the time.

This pot had a specialty to the flowers that fell to the ground, unlike "many pot lilies, which tend to retain their flowers, so they look messy." Burbank crossed Crozy Cannabis, a large flower of various colors (yellow and orange) with Canna flaccida, a native yellow can of cauliflower, large flowers that are not durable.

This native Canna flaccida was discovered by William Bartram in 1773, an early American explorer and writer growing in saltwater ditches near Fort Frederica on St. Simon's Island, as described in "Travel" 153 page. What could be equal to the rich golden flower of Canna lutea, "today identified and renamed Canna flaccida," "which adorns the banks of the yon serpentine river in winding meadows?" The Canna flaccida still lives in the salt water ditch and on the Black Banks River, near the Cloister Hotel, on the sea island, the Rich Sea, where it grows beautifully near the water and is used in many courtyards as a swampy garden plant. These native plants appear to have no insect or disease problems. The ripe seeds of the golden-yellow flowers fall into the water and swim downward to form new canola colonies. Canna flaccida grows in the garden when sufficient water is available.

William Bartram also reported on page 424 of Travels that he found a native Indian can with a small scarlet flower that grows to 9 feet and is then identified as Canna indica. Today, in many southern gardens, this powerful, knotty canister is still growing like a privacy hedge. Seed pods are numerous and this can easily be crossed with pollen from hybrid non-seed canisters. This plant appears to be highly resistant to defects and diseases. Numerous reports of Canna indica in the literature do not appear to be the same Canna indica as described by Bartram in 1773, Alabama Mobile. An excellent drawing of Canna indica (wild Indian cans) can be found on page 218 of Bartram's Travels. Luther Burbank does not report whether Canna indica was used in the hybridizations, as Canna flaccida (Canna lutea) was used to hybridize the gold medal at the Pan-American Exhibition in Buffalo, New York, in 1901. he called "Tarrytown" – became the best Kannada.

Thousands of canisters have been introduced to the horticultural world. It has been relatively easy to produce new varieties of cauliflower, for example, if pollen is sprayed on the female portion of the cauliflower of the cauliflower, they can form seed pods with more seeds and, if the flowers of several cannabis plants are pollinated, more seed pods can be formed. Any gardener can perform this simple seed production process.

Gardeners had for years allowed the kettle to dry, turn black, and eventually formed a hard shell that would prevent germination of the seed, unless a round grille was opened with an iron grid. olive seed to start germination. If a file is not used, it will take two years for the kettle to spin out normally. We have developed a technique that avoids the cumbersome sowing procedures of the past. The seed pods are harvested as the outer green cells turn yellow. The color of the inner core varies from green to pale yellow or beige and must be soaked in antifungal solution overnight to prevent rot. The seed can then be placed in a small cloth bag and poured into running water for 12 hours. If these seeds are soaked for an additional hour with a fungicide and placed in a smooth pan, they will germinate within a few days in a warm, sunny day. Once the seed has sprouted, it can be placed in separate containers for growth, and after the appearance of the first leaves, the mixture of wonderful growth quickly senses the germinating seeds into flowering plants. TyTy was successful in flowering plants only 60 days after seed germination. It is very interesting that when the leaf canister crosses the canola plants, the seed is approx. 25% of the female red leaf canister canister hybrid. This red leaf color is evident only a few days after germination.

It is of great interest to gardeners that new varieties of cans show flowers that fall to the ground after a day or two and are replaced by new opening flowers that leave the plant fresh, otherwise dried-out brown flowers are uncomfortable for most eyes of a gardener. Amateur hybridizers should also keep in mind that most gardeners do not want to experience a canister that needs constant care or maintenance and requires spraying, constant irrigation or a dead center.

The popularity of canna lilies has become evident from the huge plantings in the United States Capitol and the White House; iron plantations in disney california and orlando, florida, and extensive landscapes along united states highways and city streets and parks.