1. Appalachian Mountains:
Almost 2,000 miles from Newfoundland, Canada, to Alabama, the United States, stretches the Appalachian Mountains or the Eastern Rockies, a natural barrier between the North American coastal plain and its inland lowlands. It is divided into three physiographic regions, north, central and southern, and covers several provinces.
It consists of metamorphic rocks formed by catastrophic eruptions, intense heat and crushing pressures during the Precambrian period, 1.1 billion and 540 million years ago, and the Aplachachs form part of the planet's oldest mountains. The earth's crustal uprisings at the end of the Paleozoic Era (about 250 million years ago) resulted in an unimaginable amount of internal crumb pressure on the underground rock, which was then twisted, folded, broken, and cracked before being compensated. lifting – sometimes parallel to the spine. Based on secondary formation and carving, water, ice and weather conditions, it has created valleys and gorges for millennia, when plants and most animal species did not exist.
When ground forces passed, they left the highest peak (6,884 feet) in what is now North Carolina, Mount Mitchell.
2. White Mountains:
New Hampshire was hardly neglected when dealing with altitude superlatives. The Appalachian Chain's own section, the White Mountains, did indeed have 48 peaks at "four thousand feet", at least 5,000 feet high, and its kingdom crown, the 6888-foot Washington Mountain, the highest rock. peak across the northeast.
Softening created deep mountain passages called "incisions" by the early settlers because they resembled shapes made of shafts made of wood, while circuses made heads of gaps such as Washington's Tuckerman and Mount Adam. s royal chasm.
Man was a hand, and sometimes hurtful, in the design of the New Hampshire section of the Basic Mach. Because of their arboretal fashion, logging concerns, which bought much of the land and then shredded it to sawmills at 1832 before being towed by rail, remained bare until the law of the weeks was enacted and allowed until 1914. re-purchase of the original 7,000 acres.
Subsequent purchases and bans on logging in designated wildlife areas ensure the creation of 800,000 acres of White Mountain National Forest, which is today the slogan of "Diverse Land."
The state has a prominent series of presidents whose tops, as their name suggests, were named by presidents and other prominent Americans.
Its rich wildlife ranges from deer to mouse, black bear, bobcat, gray fox, coyote, beaver, porpoise, raccoon and 184 bird species, including peregrine falcons.
Although its protected status restricts its use, this restriction does not apply to your enjoyment, which is abundant and varies with the season.
Abundant snowfalls in winter transform landscapes into clean postcards and sports paradises, such as attractions, tourists, athletes, and fans, as mountains lend their sides and summits to world-class resorts, such as alpine and cross- snowmobiles, sledging, ice fishing, dog sledding and even freezing waterfalls.
With its colorful glow, the region becomes an endless canvas for Impressionism paintings in the fall, and becomes a magnet for photographers, leaf illuminators and scientists. The color wave depends on time, height and type of tree. For example, red lakes rise at low levels in mid-September, while beech, sugar and birch trees reach this level a month later at 2000 meters. This peak occurs earlier, in early October, between 2000 and 3500 feet, and the yellow birch, mountain maple and mountain ash illuminate in mid-September with color intensity between 3500 and 5500 feet.
However, the peak of the region reaches its peak in the summer tourist season, when about two dozen attractions provide natural scenery, links to its railroad past, family-oriented theme parks and outdoor activities.
New Hampshire White Mountains, located in the north of the state, are within easy reach. Routes 16, Interstate 93 and 3 provide north-south travel, and roads 2, 302, and 112 cut the area into an east-west direction.
4. Sights of White Mountain:
A. On Route 2:
Located in New Hampshire, Jefferson, from May to December, Santa's Village is a Christmas theme park that allows children to visit the red-bearded man in July, eat his reindeer, and enjoy 19 different pleasures. tours and activities including antique cars, yule log flume, sleigh, Jingle Bells Express train, roller coaster and water park. Live 3D shows are presented by the Polar Theater and the Burgermeister Food Court offers a variety of items for lunch, including the possibility of decorating gingerbread cookies.
One-day, two-day and seasonal passes allow unlimited rides, shows and attractions in the park.
Six Gun City and Fort Splash are another family-oriented theme park in Jefferson, which is led by Road 2 but is west-centered. Open between May and September, it allows visitors to "ride, slide and play" all day long in attractions such as go-karts, laser labels, slides, bumper boats, sawmill tours, mechanical stage buses, log skating train.
Kids can look for a deputy badge from the sheriff, or go over to the other side of the law and decorate the posters they want.
A transport museum holds more than a hundred antique carts and sleds, including the oldest Concord trainer.
Children can double (soda) at the Six Gun Salon or have lunch at the Grabby Grub House, and cowboy-related clothes and gifts can be purchased at the Commerce Post Office and General Store.
Campsite Fort Jefferson, with its own pool, offers 100 locations, from tents to full interconnections.
B. On Route 302:
Challenging mankind to overcome the stunning 6888-meter peak, and when Darby Field is considered to be the first to do so when he climbed two Indian guides in 1652, Mount Washington never stopped seducing people. copy your success. However, today's tourist can make the Mount Washington Cog Railway easier, faster and more comfortable.
When Sylvester Marsh, a Compton, New Hampshire aboriginal and Chicago meatpacker, followed Field's steps about two hundred years later and was trapped on a mountain by a life-threatening snowstorm, he promised to devise a method to eliminate the dangers of ascension. , and make it available to anyone.
Providing a mountaineering rail charter, a concept initially lauded by the New Hampshire legislature and accompanied by the now-famous words that it could "build a railway on the moon", invented a technology that included a small, controlled, locomotive cogwheel. , which was connected to the stairs between the tiny rails and allowed the engine to climb up a steep slope of up to 37.41 percent.
In 1869, having successfully achieved its lofty purpose and height, it has been operating ever since. A national historic landmark, it is the world's second steepest rail system and the oldest, still operational.
Mount Washington Cog Railway, which is located six miles from Fabian Station on Route 302, offers a three-hour turnaround from its own Marshfield station to the summit in May, with both steam and biodiesel locomotives. October and one hour halfway trips in November and December. All trains consist of a pusher and a passenger car.
Next to the ticket office; self-service restaurant, Catalano in Cog; and a souvenir shop, the station itself provides an overview of early cogwheel technology through the Cog Museum and outdoor exhibitions, which include the first locomotive to climb the mountain.
Views of the rocky extreme moonscape summit span the northern presidential summit, and riders can visit the Sherman Adams Summit building; Mount Washington Observatory; Tip-Top House, a national historic landmark; and the Summit Stage Office, where the world's highest wind speed – 231 mph – was recorded.
Another famous landmark on Mount Washington Cog 302, a short distance from Mount Washington Cog Railway Station, is the Mount Washington Resort.
Rising from the forest to the green, and always in the shade of the mountain, this large mansion, with its white façade and red roof, was built by Joseph Stickney, one of the original great hotels in the area, between 1900 and 1902. Indigenous people in New Hampshire enriched their wealth in the coal-mining and Pennsylvania railroad in a Spanish Renaissance style.
It was built by 250 Italian craftsmen, who used meticulous details for their wood and masonry work. It featured a rare steel structure and innovative heating, electric power, plumbing and private telephone systems, as well as its still existing post office, which has been transformed into a luxury by the beautiful beautiful hotels.
The 350-person building opened its doors on July 28, 1902, catering to wealthy Northeast guests, celebrities and dignitaries, including Thomas Edison, Babe Ruth, Joan Crawford, Princess Margaret and three American presidents, all of whom had access. with up to 50 daily trains serving three local stations.
In 1944, the Bretton Woods International Monetary Conference was an event in which representatives of 44 nations founded the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund, setting the gold standard at $ 35.00 and designating the US dollar as the backbone of international exchange.
In 1978, the hotel was included in the National Register of Historic Places and, nine years later, was declared a National Historic Landmark by the Ministry of the Interior.
Its century-old elegance reflects the 900-meter porch and lobby of the "Great Hall", which has high ceilings and rocky fireplaces.
Other interesting times echo in the form of afternoon teas in the princess's room, five-star meals in the dining room, lighter fare at Stickney Restaurant, cocktails at the Rosebrook Bar, the Veranda or the rocky cave as the operator. supervised lifts and hose-trekking on land surrounded by White Mountain Peak and Crawford Notch.
A 25,000-square-foot spa with 13 treatment rooms and two golf courses, including the nine-hole Mount Pleasant Course, opened in 1895, and the 18-hole Mount Washington Course, which restored the 1915 Donald Ross design.
The same Omni-owned Bretton Arms Inn has breakfast.
Fabyan Station Restaurant is located along Route 302 near the Bretton Woods Ski Resort, near Mount Rosebrook. The hotel offers 433 acres of ski and snowboarding, 101 alpine trails, 100 kilometers of Scandinavian trails, four outdoor parks, night skiing and a gymnastics tour with ten ziplines, two sky bridges and three rapids.
In addition to skiing, winter activities include dog sledding, sledging, snowboarding, ice skating, snowshoeing, and ice climbing, while summer activities include hiking, biking, swimming, fly fishing, tennis, and trails and carriage rides.
Dining options include the Lucy Crawford Food Court and Slopeside Restaurant in the Main House, as well as the Top O & # 39; restaurant on the summit.
302 further east is Crawford Notch State Park.
Discovered in 1771, when Timothy Nash, a Lancaster hunter, discovered the gap while following a moose over Cherry Hill, Governor John Wentworth promised him to ride his lands through horses and build a path through it, which he eventually achieved. , despite significant topographic barriers.
The area itself was named after the Crawford family, the first settlers. Creating inns for travelers and forging the first trip up Mount Washington, he organized mountaineering expeditions.
To prevent excessive deforestation of the area, the State of New Hampshire acquired most of the local land in 1913 and designates it as a state park. Its 5777 hectares now include the peaks of the Saco River valley.
In addition to picnics, fishing and hiking, it offers two short, easy hiking trails: the half-mile Pond Loop Trail leads to the lake itself, and the one-mile Sam Willey Trail follows the Saco River. Extensions and separate paths lead to Rippley and Arethusa falls.
Farther east, but still along Route 302, the Attitash Mountain Resort, whose peak rises to 2,350 meters. In addition to the usual winter sports offer, it opened its doors to summer activities in 1976 with a more than a mile-long, lifts-imported slide from Germany, with rolling slopes and S-curves.
Gradually expanding attractions include rail-mounted, two-person cars that run the 360-foot loops of Norway's 2280m mountain washer; climbing wall; trampoline; water slide; mountain biking; riding; and 1700 feet of scenic wide chair.
Daily, afternoon and one-way travel tickets for adults and children allow visitors to optimize their experience.
At 2,050 feet, Bear Peak is at the foot of the Attitash Grand Summit Hotel and Crawford Restaurant, while Attitash Mountain Village is located off 302.
C. On Route 16:
While Cog Railway provides access to the mountain summit from the west, Mount Washington Auto Road offers an eastern, self-propelled alternative.
Finding its origin up on the originally designated Mount Washington Carriage Road, which was the country's first man-made tourist attraction when it opened on August 8, 1861, allows motorists to "pass the highway" by promoting themselves , reaching 16th on Pinkham Notch.
The base has a Great Glen Lodge restaurant and the adjacent Douglas A. Philbrook Red Barn Museum is the last horse and hay barn that was an integral part of the Carriage Road transition process. a collection of refurbished cars, carts, buses, and cars that once surpassed the summit road.
The basic fee for entering Auto Road includes the car, its driver, an audio or CD cassette tour, and the famous "This Car Climbed to Mt. Washington:" bumper sticker, with vehicles rising from 1543 to 6,888 feet, a one-mile elevation increase of 594 to 880 feet while traveling the 7.6 miles. They have access to the same summit views and historic buildings as rail passengers.
A short distance from Highway 16 is Wildcat Mountain, itself the attraction of Attitash's sister. Its 49 trails and cleanness, achieved by New England's most powerful quados, include the 2.75-mile Polcat trail for beginners, the 2112-foot vertically sloping Lynx trail for intermediates and the Wildcat trail for experts.
Summer activities include Wildcat Mountain Express Skyride. Ascending quietly to the Wildcat Mountain's 4,062-meter summit during their 15-minute journey, the four-person gondolas initially move between the White Mountains and the waves of the Tuckerman Ravine, the Lion's Head, Raymond, and finally. Cataract, Mount Washington, and Huntington Ravine are among the distant but still visible sugar-soaked spots and the snow-stained peaks, even in summer.
It seems to clean upright evergreens, which resemble arboretic, forest-guarding deer, as they approach the top, open their doors, and emit a pine-trap, as if they were placed in their local kindergarten for Christmas. tree takes. The air, thin and clean, is about ten degrees cooler than the base.
"You are on the Appalachian Trail," is immediately indicated by a sign "designated by Congress as a national scenic trail in 1968." It stretches from Springer Mountain, Georgia to Katahdin, Maine, more than 2140 miles. It crosses 14 states, eight national forests, six national parks and many state lands.
At the other end of the summit, you will have a short walk to the eastern slope of the White Mountain National Forest, as well as the Kearsarge North, South Doublehead and directly to the Black Mountain silhouettes. To the east, the Wild River Valley in the foreground, while a series of smaller, round mountains formed during the recent Ice Age, can be seen beyond this area along the New Hampshire-Maine state line. Clear days allow for a 90-mile glimpse of the Atlantic Ocean.
The Appalachian Trail runs west along the Presidential Mountain Range, Mount Washington and the Gulf Wilderness. The Mahoosuc Mountains and the cities of Berlin and Gorham lie to the north, while Jackson, Bartlett and Conways lie to the south.
Wildcat Mountain's four-person Zip Rider, suspended from a cable 70 meters above the ground, sinks 2100 feet above trails, tree tops and the Peabody River at 12% and 45 km / h. describes the experience of "sudden, sudden landing on high speed cable".
Wildlife hiking through a branch overlooks Thompson Falls and fishing on the Peabody River.
Packages include services such as gondola, lunch at the mountain cafe, disc golf and Attitash Grand Summit Hotel.
South of Road 16 is the Appalachian Mountain Club. Founded in Boston by Edward Pickering and 33 other outdoor enthusiasts, the goal was to "protect, enjoy and understand the Appalachian Mountains, forests, waters and trails." hiking trail at the Tuckerman Ravine in 1879, and currently maintains more than 1,500 miles, including huts and huts, on a 12-chapter system that extends from Maine to Washington DC. The organization has 450 seasonal and full-time staff and 16,000 staff. volunteers with 100,000 members.
Its New Hampshire chapter, on the eastern side of Mount Washington, has been a highlight of hiking, mountaineering, skiing and snowshoeing since the 1920s. Today, he maintains Joe Dodge Lodge, a coffee shop, gift shop and eight. offers mountain trails, lectures, workshops and outdoor learning.
Here is the Pnkham Notch Visitor Center.
Story Land, another family-oriented theme park where the "fairy tale comes to life", is located a quarter mile south of the intersection of Routes 16 and 302 in Glen.
Kids are served buffet rides and activities, including antique cars, Cinderella pumpkins, a chewing-and-chewing train in the park, Dr. Geyser's remarkable rafting, polar pads, bamboo canals and a rotating bale. Riding, crab mapping, fun oceans, turtle twisting, splash battle and Cinderella castle.
His entertainment, as indicated by his colorful titles, is as youth-oriented as Duke Dance Party, Funsation Celebration, The Story-Bops, The Fairy Tale Fiasco, The Royal Hanneford Circus and The Farm Follies Show.
Drinks, snacks and food are available at many locations, including the Food Fair, Pixie Kitchen and Sunny Day Farm.
The city of North Conway, located south of Road 16 (also known as White Mountain Highway), is the region's most important tourist base.
Leased by Governor Colonel Benning Wentworth in 1765, it is due to its geographical, topographic and transportation access. Named after a 20-year-old MP by Henry Seymour Conway, he is literally rooted in germinating farms in many other New England villages than in other New England villages.
Connected to the outside world in 1872, when the Portsmouth, Great Falls and Conway Railroad set off, it welcomed a growing number of tourists, attracted by winter sports and mountain scenery, often white Mountain art paintings.
In 1832, in order to identify itself with the activities promoted by its topography, it became the "birthplace of skiing," and the railroad transported 5,000 passengers to the city on "Snow Trains" over the weekend.
Nowadays, despite its compact size, it offers many features and services that are usually associated with the city and are three times its size. Accommodation ranges from historic hostels such as Stonehurst Manor and Inn, 1785 Inn and Eastern Slope Inn to well-known chains (such as Holiday Inn Express and Marriott Residence Inn). Restaurants lead from fast food restaurants to the Bavarian Chocolate Haus, an authentic Italian restaurant and dining area in historic eateries. The stores are just as versatile, from small gift shops to bookstores, Settlers & # 39; Green Outlet Village and North Conway Mall. Other city amenities include art galleries, a community center with live performances, a weather discovery center, a model railroad museum and a historic train station.
From this station visitors can return and explore the area's rich railway past.
North Conway's picturesque train station, which was at the same time a transport link with the rest of the country and is now architectural in the past, was the heart of the city and the center of its citizens. life that wheelchairs and carriages have access to. Built for Portsmouth, Great Falls and Conway in 1874, it was designed by Nathaniel J. Bradlee – an architect of serious fame in Boston – to serve the growing resort community.
The impressive, two-way depot, the magnificence of which is the size of typical stations at the time, is sporting a 136-year-old loft copper and copper E. Howard watch that seems unaware of the trail's suspension and continues to sweep. hands 360 degrees 365 days a year.
Inside, mirrored on both sides by a winding wooden staircase leading up to the tower, its golden age is reflected by an original ticket and telegraph office with vintage instruments, a cabin waiting room / museum (formerly the Waiting Room for Women), the Brass Whistle Gift Shop (Former Men) waiting room) and a storage room (then the luggage room). It serves as a proof of the city's railway history and is one of the few original and complete warehouses in the country.
The 85-foot, motor-driven, pneumatic motorized turntable, which allows the locomotive to be turned either for track alignment or 180 degree mutual orientation, approaches the four-column circular housing, with lower trails for easy maintenance, repair and maintenance. Out-of-town workers often sit in the wheelchair beside it.
Built in the 1870s as a processing point for draymen-controlled cargoes, the store is listed in the National Register of Historic Places next to the wheelhouse with storage and turntable. Currently located here is the North Conway Model Railroad Club.
The Conway Scenic Railroad fleet consists of 13 steam and diesel electric locomotives, more than 40 cars and buses, seven privately owned cabins and three privately owned snow throwers.
It offers multi-day tourist trains during the summer season. For example, "valley trains" either depart on an 11-mile roundabout to Conway, or show an hour, 45-minute, and 21-mile return to Bartlett, while "Notch trains" enter Crawford Notch and 50-mile, five-and-a-half hours excursion to Crawford Depot and Fabyan Station. These services use steam or diesel power, and passengers can book bus, first class or premium / domed accommodation with three meals.
Featuring winter sports enthusiasts, the town is equipped with a back yard, the Cranmore Mountain Ski Slope, just a mile from Route 16, which cuts through.
Connected to a unique mountain ascent system, it was fitted with 192 metal, tire and cable-pulled skimobil fleets that stood on a magnetic stretch of Mount Cranmore. It was designed by George Morton, of Bartlett, New Hampshire, and transported both the sky and sightseeing and was North America's oldest operating elevator system when it ceased operations in 1989 after 51 years of continuous service.
Today, Cranmore Mountain has ten lifts; 13 initial, 25 intermediate and 16 expert examinations; and 1200 feet vertical drop. Non-skiing attractions include an indoor adventure area at Base Lodge; a giant swing; a 3,700 ft. mountain washer; terrain parks; ropes course; a four-station bungee trampoline; mountain Segway tours; descending, two-person zipper, 700 meters long; and scenic cable car rides.